“Red House”

In the 1860s, William Morris and close friend and colleague Philip Webb partnered together to create one of the biggest symbols of the Arts and Crafts movement and a home for Morris’ family. They called it “Red House.” The home was modeled to look like it came straight from the Middle Ages, although built far later on. “Red House” is located a little outside of London in a town called Bexleyheath (Fiederer).

The two coined the Arts and Crafts movement, a movement that focused on nature. The home served as an image of their rejection of the industrialization of the times and became a meeting place for artists of the movement (Fiederer). William Morris hated the idea of mass production, especially when it came to furnishing and the items in his home. And so, he began creating one of his most famous design pieces, “Red House.” His partner, Phillip Webb focused mostly on architecture and designed the home in a gothic style (Fiederer).

From the outside, the home looks like it could have been built in the middle ages. William Morris on the other hand focused on the furnishings and the overall indoor design of the home. Of course, he had to create his signature handmade wallpapers throughout the home and even his own built in shelving units. William Morris lived in the home for six years before selling it to move back to the city of London (Fiederer). Overall, the home is an important part of the Arts and Crafts movement and in William Morris’ design career as a whole. 


Fiederer, Luke. “AD Classics: Red House / William Morris and Philip Webb.” ArchDaily, ArchDaily, 16 June 2017, www.archdaily.com/873077/ad-classics-red-house-arts-crafts-william-morris-philip-webb.