Volume 30 Cover Simplicissimus

Thomas Theodor Heine, and the remainder of his editorial, published this volume of Simplicissimus on October 26th, 1931 pushing the same style and satirical messages he had been for the past many years.  This was near the end of Heine’s time with the journal, as while he began in 1896, creating the editorial with Albert Langen, Heine was forced to leave after Nazi forces moved in and pressured the staff (“Thomas Theodore Heine”). Considering what modern readers would know given their understanding of the Nazis into the second World War, this is hardly a surprise since the German writing on this cover, which features a man cutting himself to pieces while another watches, directly translates to “the new socialist party,” making obvious reference to his disdain for the newfound group. Furthermore, the text at the bottom is written as if spoken by August Bebel, a member of the “old” socialist party of Germany and presumably the disgruntled figure staring down from heaven at the disfigured man below, and is essentially denouncing the new socialists as proper socialists at all. This kind of denunciation and disapproval is typical of Thomas Theodor Heine’s work, and is one of the primary reasons for his removal from Simplicissimus, despite the vital role he played in the group, and his eventual leave from Germany. Despite this he continued his artistic work and criticisms of German political affairs for years to come.

Bibliography

Heine, Thomas Theodor. Simplicissimus, vol. 30, 26 Oct. 1931, doi:http://www.simplicissimus.info/index.php?id=5.

“Thomas Theodor Heine.” Lambiek.net, 1 Jan. 1970, www.lambiek.net/artists/h/heine_thomas-theodor.htm.