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11/27/2015 – 8:37 pm |

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“The Anything Goes 2015 exhibit showcases the works of more than 40 local artists in an outstanding range of original visual art including traditional, contemporary, and avant-garde creations. See artists challenging traditional practices …

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Submitted by on 09/14/2015 – 10:32 am 40 Comments

What is photocubism and what is it trying to achieve? What is David Hockney trying to achieve through his joiners? Please share links to examples.


  • Deanna says:

    Photocubism is the joining together of various different photos of the same subject from different angles to create one recognizable figure. It’s like piecing together a panorama that is composed of multiple photos, but has many more pictures and can contain repeated areas. The different angles warp the way everything is lain out which changes the perspective of the piece. Specific parts that are supposed to look one way can also be warped in a similar manner it creates visual interest in the deformities. As long as all the pictures are joined without right angles meeting straight lines, the eye will flow continuously through the scene.

    Three places I could take picures of:
    The outside of my house
    One of the fountains at North Hills Mall
    My backyard at my house

    • Deanna says:

      I realize I posted the places I could take pictures of in the wrong placem but I don’t know if I can edit my comment to remove it. I do also have it in my group forum!

    • Jason Haskins says:

      Photocubism is the “stitching” of photos to create an overall idea or subject that you could perceive in a new view. By creating an image that magnifies multiple key points, you can create a new perspective on more than one key point that your eye is drawn to. While the rule of thirds teaches to bring your subjects into a key point in the square of your photo, you can now create multiple focuses. I really liked David Hockney’s “Painting” of the stop sign landscape. What drew me to this work the most was when he showed the “Property of California” blown up on the sign where you normally wouldn’t see or even notice that.

  • Jillian Spina says:

    English artist, David Hockney, created photo cubism. Photo cubism is basically taking multiple pictures of a subject and selecting a few pictures and “joining” them to together to create a collage of images that show line and form. The process of joining the images together was named a “Joiner” which gave the viewer a better sense of space and time through space and time. After looking through various photo cubism examples, I learned that a photo cubism piece could be either an object or a particular space. It also gives you a new view/perspective of a particular space.

  • Momo says:

    Photo cubism and David Hockney

    David Hockney is a British artist who is considered an important contributor to the Pop art movement of the 60s. Hockney is a creator of photo cubism. He began to produce photo collages which he called “joiners”. He first used Polaroid prints and later switched to 35mm, commercially processed color prints. He used multiple numbers of Polaroid snaps or photo prints of a single subject. Hockney arranged those photos into a patchwork and made a compositional image. Hockney’s major aim by creating the joiners was to create something that had a comparability with Cubism which has a focus on the way human vision works. According to Cubism’s principles, Hockney’s works introduce three artistic dimensions, namely time, space and narrative which a single photograph cannot express. Time and Space are central cubist themes. According to Hockney, a single photo image expresses a single instant, and cannot represent time or narrative but photo cubism technique allowed the viewer to do so. Using multiple images conveys a strong sense of movement.

    Sources come from:

  • Kinzie says:

    Photocubism is achieving a cohesive photo that is taken from a multitude of angles, times, and spaces. The act of making a photocubism piece mimics our vision and how we perceive things. It shines a light on perspective and shows the viewer a new way of looking at a place. In a Photocubism a sense of narrative is created by taking photos over a period of time, photocubism is based on the idea that in one photo the viewer can’t fully grasp the narrative, space,and time relationship.

    David Hockney, an artist in the 60s, inspired (and was inspired) by a pop art period of art, he did this through his idea of creating joiners. David Hockney used polaroid picture and overlaid them to create a “joiner”(photocubism), he was trying to achieve a sense of narrative, emotion, and a passing of time that could not be accomplished in just one photograph.


    Examples that are not Hockney’s works:

  • Isabelle says:

    David Hockney, one of the most influential British artists in the world, created the photocubism movement in the towards the end of the 20th century. He stumbled upon his love for photography when he began photograph interiors in California. Hockney initially assembled these photos in order to paint from them. As he created more collages, Hockney realized he was also creating another form of art. He threw himself into the relationship between classical art and technology. He eventually abandoned painting all together for a time.

    David Hockey was heavily influenced as an artist by Picasso and other cubist artists. As he continued to photograph people and places with polaroids, Hockney began grouping the images in grid formations and overlapping collages. He called these pieces “joiners.” Throughout Hockney’s entire career, he was always driven by the power of perspective. Photo cubism is just another way to approach the way people perceive reality.


  • Michael Pfeffer says:

    Photocubism is basically using distinctive pieces of something to make a new cohesive image of it that shows this particular something in a new creative and different manner.

    David Hockney did many photocubism pieces which he dubbed “Joiners.” He wanted to have viewers of his work experience the places, people, or things he used in certain ways through manipulating the collages. He could make you feel as if you were moving through a room, or seeing multiple personalities traits of a person in just one picture.

    I enjoyed the Joiner that Hockney did of the Brooklyn Bridge (the address to the picture is below)


    While it looks like a single perspective shot of the bridge at first, once you look at all the different segments you actually are able to pick out distinctive parts of the bridge which allows to see more than what is initially presented.

  • Katie says:

    David Hockney
    -Contributor to the pop art movement of the 1960s
    -1980’s produced photo collages which he called “joiners”
    -interested in how we see and depict space and time.
    -Interested in how we turn a 3 dimensional world into a 2 dimensional image
    -Interested in how space is treated differently in non-western art
    -Sometimes he would grid the photos
    -Sometimes he would overlap the images to create a whole scene out of small fragments
    -His creation of joiners occurred by accident. Decided to tape photos together because he hated how wide angle lenses would always distort images.

  • Jeanna says:

    Photo cubism was first explored by David Hockney, and came from his desire to incorporate the multiple-view-point style of cubist painters into a photograph. A joiner is a multiple photographic portrait of a place or individual which aims to discuss the way human vision works, because the photographs are taken from different perspectives and at different times.

    An example of a joiner would be Hockney’s piece, “Pearl Blossom Highway.” He photographed almost everything standing directly in front of it, and then placed the images all over the page, as if to mimc a typical 2-point perspective photo.


    Another example of a joiner is “My Mother, Bolton Abbey, 1982.” It a a portrait of Hockney’s mother. His mosaic of photos depict his mother sitting upon a bench in a graveyard, the gravestones and structures that fill up the space around her seem to be shifting as you look at them, their true structure is indecipherable because of the multiple perspectives from which you are viewing the images.


  • Emilie says:

    Photocubism is an art movement pioneered by British painter and photographer, David Hockney. Drawing upon Hockney’s inspiration by Picasso’s work and the warped and exaggerated nature of perspective in Cubism, photocubism requires the viewer’s eyes to constantly travel across images. A key aspect of photocubism are “joiners”, or images created through the use of the overlapping of multiple photographs. In using joiners, multiple vanishing points are established and subject matter is portrayed at varying scales, and all of this allows Hockney to allow the viewer to focus on how time and space are treated to change their visual experience.

    Research + examples:

  • Téa says:

    David Hockney began his artistic career as a painter in the United Kingdom, until he later moved to California. Hockney became famous through creating iconic paintings of LA swimming pools, but also spent a good amount of his time painting the insides and outsides of Los Angeles homes. It was during one of these interior painting projects, a living room to be exact, that he stumbled upon a method of creating a whole new piece of art. What had happened was that Hockney had taken several photographs of the room to use as references for later. As each polaroid popped out, he laid the photo down with the others to create a sort of collage. Yet, this collage was not like a normal collage, because the shots it was comprised of were taken at different angles, therefore capturing a perspective that could not be achieved in one single photo. He called these collages “joiners” and thus began the movement of photocubism, an art style that Hockney would devote years to exploring. At one point in his life, photography was his only artistic venture, though in his later years he would return to painting.

    As I think about photocubism, it reminds me of two things – panoramic shots and a bit about gestalt theory. Panoramic shots do essentially the same thing as joiners, taking multiple pictures of photos that are merged together to create a two-dimensional photo that captures the three- dimensional elements of what one person can see at any given time. Panoramic photography was surely developed after photocubism, and let’s face it, photocubism looks cooler. Photocubism reminds me of gestalt theory because the complete joiner is greater than any of the individual photos. While one photo may be informative in its own way, when meshed together with the other photos it takes on a whole new meaning.


  • Cari Farrell says:

    Photocubism is something that Hockney achieved through wanting to overcome the weakness of a photo only showing one frozen second of a moment, unlike drawings and paintings which seemed much more alive. Hockney’s joiners have multiple pictures, concentrating on some areas, and ignoring others. Hockney then selected the photos he wanted to use, placed these onto a board, arranging them by the same decisions of “line and form” that he used when drawing a picture. It’s meant to be a multiple photographic portrait of a place or individual, which gives the viewer a better sense of space and time than any ordinary snapshot.


  • Lauren Wilder says:

    To better understand Photocubism, I researched Cubism which was an art movement of the early 20th century in painting. The “founders” of this movement were Pablo Picasso and George Braque. This movement is the basic foundation for David Hockeny’s exploration of abstraction of space and time. Picasso and Braque tried to portray multiple viewpoints of simple objects all on a single plane canvas. The way in which these painters disregarded typical rules of perspective, by flattening shapes, ignoring curves into the distance, and playing with the direct layering of objects confuses the viewers sense of space. You can make guesses as to what the object is but it is difficult to make sense of where the object sits. This experimentation with geometric forms led to other movements outside of painting which incorporated collage, such as Dadaism and Surrealism.

    Hockey’s Joiner compositions are a modern execution of these ideas. Using polaroid, film and digital photos, Hockney brings in an interesting “realist” confusion to this cubist abstraction. In his photo collages, he is looking at a person or place from many angles, framing different details throughout different points in the days, and he combines all of these images into one greater image, blending perspectives and the lapsing of time into one flat space. Creating these abstractions, Hockney challenges the way a viewer typical travels through a space. He jars our usual way of observing a scene by breaking it apart and pulling it back together again through his unique lens.

    I thought this website had a great collection of Hockey’s Joiner works: http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html

    Book Source: Little, Stephen. “Cubism.” –isms: Understanding Art. New York: Universe, 2004. 106-07. Print.

  • Monica Nguyen says:

    Photocubism is a collection of photos of the same image/place/object but taken at different angles and arranged accordingly to fit together by overlapping either on top or below or next to one another to make a single photo. Today it is basically known as a photo collage but with photo collages they are different photos of different people and places whereas Photocubism is a photo made up of the same image but with different perspectives or angles demonstrating/ incorporating the style of Cubism. Photocubism gives a sense of depth playing with the mind and how it puts pieces together. Ultimately the end result should be a pretty clear message of what the whole photo really is based on the pieces of photos arranged together.

    David Hockney’s “joiners” is expressed the best when he speaks about his artwork called “Pearblossom Highway.” This photo is made up of many images he took of the same space, that when he took a photo of one part of the space it could be arranged to fit the spot in the photo that it belongs. He took photos in a bunch of different viewpoints and perspectives; like when he took photos of the sky; he then gathered the pictures and pieced them together as a whole. He ignored the usual fundamental rule of perspective and decided to do his own kind of gesture for himself. He described his work by explaining how these different points of views “make a different space” and therefore makes the photo more lively and interesting.

  • Chloe Pham says:

    It took me awhile to find out what Photocubism is but its basically a collaboration of photos of the same theme and rearrange to different composition to give a view of different perspective. This idea is similar to Cubism of Picasso.

    David Hockney is an English painter, print maker, etc. He was an important contributor to the Pop art movement of the 1960s. “Joiners” was first introduced in the 1980s, which is a photo-collages of Polaroid prints.

    I am really looking forward to this project because it very simple and you can play around with the composition and exploring the possibility without requiring a lot of work. Plus, I get to used my own photos reference.

  • Taylor says:

    A “joiner” is a more accurate representation of a photograph. Hockney wanted to show that the place in a photograph had movement, it changed and evolved and a single snapshot couldn’t express that. Yes, you could capture motion in a picture, but you couldn’t really capture the passage of time. So he created joiners and pieced together several photos of the same area over a passage of time and from different angles to give it more of a rounded personality. To show that the area isn’t just a flat, static space. It allows you to see the life of a space instead of just a moment in the life.



  • Thomas says:

    Photocubism is Hockney’s developed process and style to give still photographs a new artistic life and energy. It involves arranging multiple photographs in such a way to show the motion of space of the subject. Hockney had looked at photographs and felt dissatisfied with how they were lacking in life and motion and failed to represent the subject’s energy. That is how the idea of photocubism came about; to be a manner of art and photography that captures the subject’s aura of time and space. These products of photocubism are called “joiners”, collages of photographs that join multiple perspectives and views of a place, person, or object to bring the viewer into the feelings of space and motion of the subject.


  • Justice says:

    Photocubism originated with David Hockney, an artist in the mid and late 20th century who began painting in his teens. He created many paintings that warped the normal perspective of a human and transformed the image into several planes of motion. This was very similar to Picasso’s Cubism, but Hockney differentiated himself with Photocubism. He took tons of photos of a single scene and then patched them together to create on composition. This enabled the viewer to see one scene from a distance but move closer and see different perspectives and details that can’t be captured in a painting. These ‘Joiners’ as he called them worked like a collage, but gave the impression of an abstract painting. Therefore, David Hockney was very influential in the art world, and is still emulated to this day.

  • Madison says:

    Photocubism is an image that incorporates various views of a single subject. The different angles create a single recognizable figure. David Hockney, was particularly interested by Cubist painters. He enjoyed how the final piece incorporated many viewpoints. David Hockey added a new medium: photography. By using different viewpoints, one may create a new perspective of, perhaps, a new image or an image that was originally not intended if the piece were not taken a part by single photos. The collage of images creates form and also line. Through David Hockney’s photocubism concept, the images collaged together create a “Joiner.” The Joiner allows the viewer to then perceive the image through space, time, and angles. The relationship between space, time, and angles is extremely important as far as the message the creator would like the audience to perceive. The goal of photocubism is to change the visual experience of the audience.



  • Sam B. says:

    I really liked how Hockney played with perspective in his work, “Kerby (After Hogarth) Useful Knowledge”. I thought it was intriguing to look at and I liked how the lady on the roof could look like she was lighting the man’s cigar in the background. I think it is cool how he translated this idea into photo cubism. I really like how all of the small pieces can convey a specific feeling/moment in time. After researching, i found that he used, “unique landscape subject matter and a sun-drenched color palette”. I thought that the part about his color palate was interesting. I am obsessed with colors and light so I will be looking out for this in the future. I was also surprised how quickly he became internationally renowned.

  • Logan says:

    What is photocubism and what is it trying to achieve? What is David Hockney trying to achieve through his joiners? Please share links to examples.

    Photocubism aims to show and display multiple instances of time within a single composition, thereby giving multiples perspectives and new insight into what would be a otherwise frozen subject. This allows the picture to feel alive, as Hockney intended after realizing this advantage that paintings and drawing have over photos.

    Joiners are Hockney’s result of his exploration in Photocubism. These portraits gives us a more full sense of space and time than an ordinary photo. This changes the sense of both scale and perspective for the audience, and shows multiple instances of time.



  • Cameron Townsend says:

    From what I could find on the web, photocubism/”joiner” photography seems to be the creation of a single mostly-cohesive image by stitching a bunch of photos of a subject together, either manually with prints or digitally. Another word I found for it is ‘panography’. The edges of photos are not taken away, which gives it a unique stitched-together style.
    David Hockney seems to use “joiner” photography to create images with a really cool warped sense of perspective. The images created have motion and life to them, regardless of being still pictures, and a feeling of unreality that can be achieved in illustration but is brought to another level with real-life photographs.

  • Alexa Molli says:

    Photocubism is a 20th century art movement where natural objects were fragmented and broken up and reassembled in abstract ways. This is often done with geometric objects that were placed on different planes. This art form was pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, they did this mostly in paint. The basic idea of Photocubism is what led to David Hockney to create “Joiner”

    David Hockney felt like photographs were “cheated” and didn’t convey the full sense of the event. The frozen moment seemed very unreal and didn’t show much movement. He started taking multiple pictures of a concentrated area and then arranged these pictures using the rules of “line and form”, this was when “Joiner” came to be. Overall I think Hockney wanted to give the audience a more real and in-depth experience then what one would normally get by looking at one


  • Danny Schmidt says:

    Hello everyone!

    As far as I can tell, David Hockney’s “Joiners” are a sort of collage of images, cropped and stitched together to create large compositions. They’re often arranged in a grid-like fashion and take on a somewhat surreal version of what they would otherwise be (If you look at his portraits, they’re… Very interesting). His images create a sense of movement that may not be captured in a traditional photograph.

    Hockney often found a sort of narrative within his works, often inherently. I feel as though this comes out in many of his works – A flipside to what one may initially interpret.


  • Micaelah Scott says:

    British painter David Hockney and photocubism were forever intertwined after one accidental discovery in 1980. Upon setting down his individual photographs of a living room, he realized the images produced a collage-style image of the space from angles never seen before. He also noticed a new kind of storytelling in his photos; a kind of sweeping “narrative” that united all of the broken angles into one image.

    Hockney pioneered a kind of “multi-eyed” perspective in photography with this discovery; his resulting photo-collages broke away from the previous “one-eyed” school of photography into a realm of fresh ideas and fresh perspectives. He began to call these patchwork pieces “joiners.” Though his efforts began with moving his subject around their environment, he eventually realized the effect was achieved in an even more stunning manner when the camera was rotated around the subject.
    Hockney began to bring the human eye’s perspective into photography through this method; the piecing of multiple angles into one image is naturally how we see the world.

    Photocubism stems directly from this discovery. Subjects are shattered into multiple angles and captured at different times to create a different kind of narrative than a flat, simple image without breaks.




  • Annie Dang says:

    David Hockney pushed forward a concept that takes multiple images of a subject in a way that might distort the reality of it. He produced works with this idea in mind and later called his manipulated pieces “Joiners.” His work was also highly influenced by the photocubism movement, which he soon became a leader in. Unlike other photographers, Hockney managed to achieve wider perspectives taken on by the viewer. As a result, he was also able to influence the viewer’s overall experience.


  • Caitlyn says:

    Photo cubism is a collection of multiple photos and images taken of the same area that when put together and arranged in a specific order create a bigger scene of that place. David Hockney was a leader in photo cubism art movement. His vast collection of “joiners” have taken the photo cubism art community by storm. Joiners are pieces made up of multiple images that together create one cohesive scene. By taking photos from different angles and then collaging them together, they create a cohesive image that gives the viewer a broader perspective of the area photographed. This style of photo cubism gives the viewer an almost 3-D experience on a 2-D surface. To me looking a Hockney’s Joiner pieces makes me feel as though I am actually in the scene. Now, when I look at just one image I feel as though a horse with blinders on, like someone has taken away my peripheral vision, and photo cubism works restores that.


  • Laurie Allen says:

    Photocubism is a system where one takes photos of an object or place and joins them together in a collage so that the viewer can see the object or place from many different angles and view points. With strong inspiration from the era of Cubism, David Hockney, creator of photocubism, wanted to make something that mimicked the way the human eye saw things in life. As a result, he created what he calls, “Joiners”- turning 3D spaces into 2D art by using polaroid pictures. Some examples of his art include “Still Life Blue Guitar”, “Sun on the Pool”, and “Mother Bradford Yorkshire”.


  • Emily Sikkel says:

    Intrigued by how cubist painters, such as Pablo Picasso and George Braque, incorporated multiple viewpoints of a single subject into heir paintings, David Hockney applied this technique to medium of photography. The aim of photo cubism is to capture a single image, with multiple perspectives. In the early 1980s, David Hockney started creating photo collages, which he called “joiners.” These were numerous Polaroid snaps or photolab-prints of a single subject that Hockney arranged in a patchwork to make a composite image.

    Some examples of Hockney’s joiners:

  • Rhett Hissam says:

    Photocubism is an artistic style that draws mainly from simplified lines and planes. Its play with geometric lines and shapes. It also plays with unlikely perspective and often tricks the eye. many photo cubism images contain several images of the same object, but from different angles. Although it comes from several photos and angles, the purpose of cubism if to make it still one cohesive image. Pablo Picasso is famous for using cubism, but photo cubism is not dated officially until the late 20th century. David Hockney is noted as the artist who created this style.

  • Katie says:

    Photocubism is a different way of playing with perspective that highlights the angles and planes of the area. It also creates a different sense of space and time, adding a unique energy to the piece. It does this by putting together many separate images of the same subject, focused on from different angles, distances and time. David Hockney was a key person in the invention of this style where he played with perspective and images to create a better sense of time and space.


  • Kat says:

    Photocubism is an art movement started by English painter David Hockney in the 80s. He spent years playing with the rules of perspective in his paintings before taking the idea to the extreme through photography. Photocubism was based upon taking multiple perspectives and showing them simultaneously! He was most inspired by the views of his home, the home of his friend, and his mother.


  • Eric Quach says:

    Photocubism is using a series of photos as parts to create a larger cohesive composition. It uses different angles and perspectives to create different styles that are all incorporated into a single composition. David Hockney took a lot of influence from cubism to create photocubism. The individual photos where joiners in his composition which he used to achieve the feeling of a different perspective within the same composition.

    Examples of photocubism:

  • Jade says:

    Photocubism originated with David Hockney, who had largely written off photography as being uninteresting and static. He preferred drawing and painting, because all of the time and strenuous attention to detail that the artist must make is visual to the audience of a piece. Photography lacked this representation of time and movement, because there was no input from an artist over a long amount of time, just a frozen snapshot taken by the camera.
    Hockney’s form of photocubism, his “joiners”, originated from him taking Polaroids of his house from several different angles and then pinning them up next to one another to create an illusion of extra space and a signal of time within the subject of the photographs. This works whether the subject is a person, place, or event. Through this “joiner” method, he can create an original composition that creates an effect more similar to that of a drawing than a regular photo.


  • Daniel A. says:

    Photocubism comes from David Hockney’s idea of developing an image of an object by taking photos of the object at different angles and creating an almost 3 dimension object from those images by piecing them together. This joiners method takes a place, person, or an event and composes and image that reflects the nature of the subject in a way that a painting, or drawing, would rather than just as a regular stand-still photo.

    This is seen in the first image of this page:

  • Nikki Knapp says:

    Photocubism is the pop art movement which deals with creating a space out of many different rectangular photo pieces , taken at different times, angles, or exposures, collaged together. This idea is attempting to depict other dimensions of time and space into a two dimensional piece of art. Hockney’s joiners occurred as an accident while he was putting together collages to capture a scene because he didn’t like how a camera distorted the image of space. The joiners create an abstract representation, seemingly encompassing more than one dimension. Juxtapoz explains how, “The varied exposures of the individual photographs that make up each collage give each work a fluidity and movement that otherwise might not be found.”

    Below is a slide show of many of Hockney’s famous joiners.


  • Jack Wingo says:

    According to a quote provided by dangerousminds.net, David Hockney began creating Joiners as a way to cope with a feeling of “unrealness” that he associated with photographs. He felt that photographs did not capture a true sense of the events they depicted, because they didn’t have the level of insight into a situation that an artist put into otherwork that took more time to produce, like paintings. Hockney’s attempt to compensate for this percieved lack of insight in photographs resulted in photographic murals called “Joiners”, which use multiple photographs of a space arranged in a sort of collage in order to give the audience more insight into the full content and context of a situation. Associations with the processes behind Hockney’s and others’ photography work and the processes of Cubist painters has allowed the photographic movement to be established as “Photocubism”. Hockney’s works, unlike normal photographic works that utilize a single exposure, utilizes multiple photographs taken over a course of time and across a space through multiple angles and viewpoints.

    The blog posts below show some of Hockney’s Joiners, as well as photographic work by others:

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