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02/03/2015 – 5:28 pm | 2 Comments

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Photocubism

Submitted by on 02/03/2015 – 12:28 pm 33 Comments

What is photocubism and what is it trying to achieve? What is David Hockney trying to achieve through his joiners? Please share links to examples.

33 Comments »

  • Alex says:

    Joiner and Photocubism Research

    Hockney reverses perspective in his photo and it immediately creates a sense of uneasiness. It causes the audience to pause and try to understand what is happening to create the sensation. Something in the mind doesn’t “click” when it analyzes the painting. Then upon further observation you begin to notice that the perspective is reversed. The man on the hill is having his pipe lit by the woman hanging out of the window in the foreground. Objects get larger as they recede into the background and the perspective lines are moving outward rather than inward.

    When it comes to his joiners, he uses a really interesting technique of creating a composite of multiple Polaroid, and later 35 mm film, from multiple perspectives to create one image. It creates a Picasso-esque image of a cubist figure. It’s really fantastic, though I am biased as Picasso is my favorite artist. I read that he sort of stumbled upon the idea of joiners, which reminds me of what I studied last semester in design thinking.

  • Mary Lee says:

    Cubism was the style that inspired photocubism and Hackney to create his joiners. Here is a painting by Picasso that is very similar to Hackney’s work with photography: http://www.artchive.com/artchive/p/picasso/vollard.jpg
    Hackney frequently used cubism’s methods of conveying space and time and playing with perspectives in his paintings, so it only made sense that he would carry this practice into his photography work. He began to play with photocubism in the 80′s when he began assembling his joiners from his polaroid photographs, and later 35mm film photographs. He wanted to achieve a deeper message and perspective in his subject than one snapshot would allow and said, “I had become very, very aware of this frozen moment that was very unreal to me. The photographs didn’t really have life in the way a drawing or painting did, and I realized it couldn’t because of what it is.” This is when he realized that photographs could be used as an art form with similar qualities of his paintings, he just needed to “join” them together. Here is one of my favorite joiners of his: http://dangerousminds.net/content/uploads/images/yekcohdivadrenioj.jpg

  • Phillip says:

    Photo cubism and Joiners Research:

    Photo cubism and the main idea behind it is cubism with its sense of perspective from multiple angels and seeing a different perspective than someone else sees from different points of view from where your standing. The combination of photo-cubism photos into a college like style or manner is what David Hockney calls joiners. The photos combine together to forum a type of photographic narrative that tells a story as you walk through the space. Hockney discovered this by accident when he was arranging old photos together. In joiners the angles in which the photos are taken and placed make your eye move slowly across the images one by one as your eye begins to carefully examine each one and the entire piece as a whole.

    What’s interesting about Hockney’s joiners is that they mingle between the past and present; they have a sense of progression and dimension of time. One of the ways to get this altered perspective, sense of time and progression Hockney tilted the camera down to include his feet and to the side to include his surroundings, making a continuous link between viewer and subject. By doing this type of view and composition, he broke the traditional view of one-point perspective.

  • Deshannon says:

    Photo cubism and joiner research

    Photo cubism: an abstract and geometric approach; a subject is created using multiple snapshots of the object which makes it to appear to have sharp edges.
    Joiners: occurred accidentally, Hockney noticed in the late sixties that photographers were using cameras with wide-angle lenses to take pictures. He did not like such photographs because they always came out somewhat distorted. It started with Polaroid shots he had taken and glued together which formed a composition. This method gave the piece life as if the onlooker was moving about the subject.
    Joiners are really neat and interesting to look at, they remind me of some paintings by Picasso. If you are up close you can see the details in the different photos, while if you step back you can get a clearer view of the composition as a whole.
    Source: http://www.photoshopsupport.com/tutorials/or/cubism.html

  • Ben says:

    Photocubism is a visual style that does more than simply render one image from many. Although the eye is able to read one of Hockney’s “joiners” as a single image at first glance, one must then confront the nuances of perspective seen in each component and is given a glimpse of artistic expression that is more akin to painting than photography.
    Hockney sacrifices photography’s ability to freeze a single moment in time that would otherwise be impossible to capture. Instead, he focuses on producing a sense of movement much akin to futurist paintings and Duchamp’s Nude Descending a Staircase, where the composition has “spread the stages of an action across the surface of a single print.” (Melia 123) Accourding to Melia, movement is not Hockney’s end goal so much as means, a “psychological device” to express time. (124)
    Hockney himself notes that although we might perceive photographs as a “documentary,” a perfect record of a point in time and space, they are quite artificial. His “joiners” allowed him to expand upon what photography can do in creating an image. His photocubism works are described as “a fight against the tyranny of single-point perspective,” much in the way that Cubism rebelled against the concept of a single perspective, instead seeking to simultaneously portray a subject from all sides. (Hockney on Photography)
    According to Hockney, Cubism is an acknowledgement pictures are only perceptions of reality and not reality itself. Through his distortion of perspective in his joiners, he feels that you are able to create an image that is more true-to-life, one that has movement and creates an image that is greater than simply a one-point-perspective reproduction of a subject (Hockney on Photography).

    Interestingly enough, other artists have also claimed to have “invented” photocubism. Ben Yates has even established the website photocubism.com, which showcases a rather different (and somewhat more literal) interpretation of the term as a three-dimensional arrangement of photographs on rectilinear forms. However, he states that his exploration of this concept began in 2005, while Hockney first began creating his “joiner” compositions in the 1980s (Hockney on Photography).

    Sources:
    Hockney on Photography. http://catalog.lib.ncsu.edu/record/NCSU3326721
    Melia, Paul, ed. David Hockney. Manchester University Press, 1995.

  • Michelle Mader says:

    Photocubism uses photographs (originally polaroids by Hockney) to explore the ideas of cubist painters. That is taking a single subject whether a place or person and looking at it from multiple viewpoints and incorporating that into one single work. It is how we turn a 3D world into a 2D image, piecing it together in our minds.

    In the eighties Hockney began photocubism. This art which was a collage of photos allowed him to see things in a different way and from different angles. It was said he was fascinated with the idea of seeing things through a window frame. With his joiners he is exploring how we both see and depict time and space. In his piece “The Desk, July 1st 1984” he pays homage to one of his influences Pablo Picasso, well known cubist artist. In this image on the desk is a book open to a page that shows a Pablo Picasso picture (last link provided below).

    Links:
    http://www.davidhockney.com/bio.shtml
    examples of work
    http://www.hockneypictures.com/photos/photos_polaroid_03.php
    information, his works, and other artists pieces
    http://thedelightsofseeing.blogspot.com/2011/03/cubism-joiners-and-multiple-viewpoint.html

  • Casey Dukes says:

    Photocubism is an Avant-Garde method of creating different types of art. Images are broken up, analyzed and reassembled in abstract form. Instead of just one plain viewpoint the subject is shown from a variety of viewpoints.
    Hockney combines photocubism photos into a different sort of collage. Joiners are a multiple photographic portrait of a place or individual, which gives the view a better sense of space and time than just any ordinary snapshot. Hockney would create Joiners by using polaroid prints that he would take in different sorts of environments. In order to achieve this, he would have to bend down so he could photograph the floor, climb up on things to photograph signs, and even walk down highways to capture the horizon. It is a closer description of how we see the world, from multiple viewpoints that are in turn piece together by our minds.

    After researching, here are some links to some of the most interesting joiners I could find:

    http://thedelightsofseeing.blogspot.com/2011/03/cubism-joiners-and-multiple-viewpoint.html (closer to the bottom of the page)

    http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html

  • Paxton says:

    Cubism is a geometric stylization or distortion of a perception on a piece of art- whether that be painting, sculpture or in photographs. Photocubism, inspired by Picasso’s cubism, is pieced together photographs that consider multi-perspectives over a certain time frame. Photocubism began with Hockney in the 1980s when he realized that photographs were simply milisecond snap shots. Upon realizing what he calls a “weakness” of the form of art, he experimented with piecing series of photographs together. This, he thought, would create a story to be told the same way art does. These pieced together works of polaroids and eventually 35mm film photographs were called Joiners by Hockney and defined his career in art. It also helped to continually develop perspectives on time and perception.

    https://www.nationalgalleries.org/whatson/exhibitions/picasso-modern-british-art/david-hockney
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cube/hd_cube.htm

  • In Photocubism, images are taken and broken up from different perspectives. These images are then put back together abstractly with these different perspectives/view points.
    Joiners were basically a series of pictures that were taken by Hockney using a 35 mm lens and taking pictures of things at different prospectives. Joiners ultimately came about when Hockney noticed photographers taking distorted pictures with wide-angle lenses. He took his own shots and started gluing them together, thus is reportedly the start of “joiners”. Being that they were taken at different times and angles, when pieced together they give an uneasy feeling and had somewhat of an affinity with photocubism. These works were done in the 1970′s and 80s and Hockney started out having the subject move while he photographed. He then began moving his camera instead playing with these different perspectives.

    Source:
    http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/cubism.htm
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography

  • Stephanie Rowe says:

    Photocubism is an abstract approach and artistic method to visually showing or representing a person, place, or object. The mix of pictures/images of the one subject is often taken from multiple angles and perspectives, and sometimes at different times of the day as well. David Hockney accidentally founded photocubism when he compiled his own polaroid shots to help him better understand his subject he wanted to paint (since he mostly painted at that point). When he saw them all put together/jointly connected, and at different angles, he saw the whole as a narrative he had created of the experience, as if the viewer was moving around the room. He called these photo collages “joiners” because they were multiple pictures of the same subject joined together to create one overall effect. These joiners could be made up of several photographs, or a much larger amount.

    Source: http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html

  • Elizabeth says:

    While experimenting with photo cubism and his work with joiners, David Hockney’s inspiration came from Picasso. He was intrigued by Picasso’s cubism paintings, and loved the bold colors he used, especially the blues and the reds. Here is a piece by Picasso that I believe really influenced David Hockney with his work in photo cubism. http://www.pablopicasso.org/mediterranean-landscape.jsp

    David Hockney created his joiners by accident. Hockney did not like the cameras from the 1960s, because he thought that the lenses were too wide and the pictures were not of great quality. One day he was working on a painting of his living room in terrace, and decided to take Polaroid pictures of the room. He put all of the pictures together, and created a new composition without even meaning to. After this experience, Hockney worked more with photography and experimented more with the photo cubism technique.

    Through his joiners, Hockney wanted to create compositions using many different perspectives. When he took his pictures, he used different angles and took pictures at different times to create many different viewpoints in his work. He wanted to create many different vanishing points, and challenge the perspective of the viewer.

    http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html
    This composition, which was also in the video we watched, is one of my favorite joiners by David Hockney. There is just many different viewpoints and I feel as if I am moving with the picture.

  • Zeynep Akyil says:

    “CUBISM – A ground-breaking style that emerged in France around 1909, in the work of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Cubist artists shattered naturalistic forms and space, attempting to represent on a flat surface all aspects of what existed in three dimensions. Analytic cubism presented different views of an object simultaneously and stressed geometric forms and neutral tones. Synthetic cubism, a later stage, reintroduced color and elements of collage.” (http://www.nga.gov/education/american/aaglossary.shtm)

    David Hockney
    He was a great painter and a photographer. He created the “joiners”. Some says it was accidental. That does not make his discovery any less valuable. He believes that he did overcome of a limited perspective of a camera. He did add the grids into photography to inject multiple reference points to make it cubist. He was interested in how we see and represent space and time in 2D picture.

  • Sami says:

    Photocubism and Hockney’s “Joiner” Research

    When viewing the video of Hockney, from the beginning of the works we saw in the video, he always seemed to have an eye for creating works of art that was unordinary. Particular to one painting that he created prior to “Kerby (After Hogarth) Useful Knowledge,” he created one that involved a woman and a man. Usually in paintings we see the man standing and the woman sitting, in atypical ways (per how society sees it). However, he reversed the couple, thus changing the dynamics of the painting and creating an almost unsettling feeling when you look at it. Though we weren’t told to watch that bit of the video, I found it fascinating. Which made me think, does this happen for everyone? When the audience sees this particular painting hung up in a museum, do they find it a bit unsettling, though eye catching and can’t seem to look away? Once he began talking about his reversed perspective paintings (starting with “Kerby (After Hogarth) Useful Knowledge”), the feelings of the previous paintings still remain, but in a more puzzling way. After realizing that the painting(s) are adjusted to a different perspective, it begins to make sense. The focal points and horizon lines are pulling away from the canvas instead of go in, the man on the hill is smoking a pipe that the woman from a high building window is lighting, the sheep and trees are growing in height as they disappear over the edges of their habitat.

    Photocubism is a photographic take on the Cubist movement. Cubism is a “two-dimensional surface of the picture plane, rejecting the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro and refuting time-honoured theories of art as the imitation of nature” (Cubism). Hockney’s use of photocubism began with him taking a “Polaroid camera, and assemble collages of photos that he would take as quickly as possible” (David Hockney) focusing on one central interest within the photo and changing angles and perspectives of the camera to create an unorthodox photo collage. These “joiners” are a compilation of multiple images (from simplistic movements and different angles) that allow Hockney to fight against the norms of photography and what is perceived. These collages, “joiners,” are what defined his career and promote different uses of perspective in art no matter what medium is being used.

    Sources:

    David Hockney. (2015). The Biography.com website. 5 Feb 2015, http://www.biography.com/people/david-hockney-9340738.

    “David Hockney” David Hockney. 1 Jan. 2003. Web. 5 Feb. 2015. < http://www.davidhockney.com/index.php>.

    “Cubism” No author. Web. 5 Feb 2015. http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88v/cubism.html

  • Austin McCombie says:

    Joiner Research:

    This is perhaps my favorite way of conveying a portrait. The entire idea is based around showing more that a photograph. A photograph can only show a single fraction of a second. A portrait, however, shows hours of interpretation of a person.

    Photocubism was Hockney’s solution to this problem. A website called dangerous minds discusses Hockey and his joiners. Dangerous minds states, “…Hockney started taking Polaroids of his home and studio. He took multiple pictures, concentrating on some areas, and ignoring others. Hockney then selected the photos he wanted to use, placed these onto a board, arranging them by the same decisions of “line and form” that he used when drawing a picture. The end result Hockney called a “Joiner,” a multiple photographic portrait of a place or individual, which gives the viewer a better sense of space and time than any ordinary snapshot.” This quote sums up what joiners are.

    I am truly excited to explore Hockney and his designs.

    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography

  • Lizzy Seaquist says:

    Photocubism is a take on the style of cubism made famous by Picasso. Cubism depicts objects from not one but multiple perspectives, giving the viewer a much more in depth view into the subject. Photocubism uses this idea but with photography.

    David Hockney uses this by taking many many photographs of one area from varying angles and perspectives. He then combines them into one large image. In some of his works he creates the illusion of a cohesive image but when further investigated you can see that it is careful made and shot at just the right angles to include small details. He also combines some of his images to create a more abstract view of an object. It kind of reminds me of what I believe is called texture mapping for objects in video games where the base images are all stretched out and show every angle of the object that they are to be mapped to.

    I really like the idea and think it’s accurate to depict objects in our world with all the many dimensions and perspectives that they have.

    works cited
    Hockney on Photography. http://catalog.lib.ncsu.edu/record/NCSU3326721
    Melia, Paul, ed. David Hockney. Manchester University Press, 1995.

  • Sarah Walsh says:

    Photocubism has a similar style to cubism, but it uses photos. Cubism attempted to analyze and represent three dimensional objects on a flat surface. David Hockney took several photos from different positions, focussing on some areas and ignoring others and arranged the pictures he wanted to use by keeping in mind line and form. The final result was a photographic portrait of a place or individual called a Joiner. The purpose of these joiners were to better explore a space or object and view its different perspectives but on a flat image.

    Some works done by David Hockney
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html

  • Ben R. says:

    Cubism was “an early 20th-century style and movement in art, especially painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and, later, collage” (google). Photocubism uses the same principles, but with the use of photographs to achieve a viewpoint that illustrates multiple perspectives and allows for a more in depth view of the image presented.

    Hockney created photocollages, which he called “joiners”. He combined many Polaroids of a single subject into a patchwork like composition, which illustrated the variety of perspectives and times from which he viewed the subject. Often, one of his works major aims is to discuss the way human vision works. Ultimately, Hockney wants to create narratives with his work, so that the viewer’s vision is moving throughout the composite image.

    sources:
    “Shooting Film: “joiners” – Creative Polaroid Collages by David Hockney.” Shooting Film: “joiners” – Creative Polaroid Collages by David Hockney. Web. 5 Feb. 2015. < http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html>.

    “Google.” Google. Web. 5 Feb. 2015. < http://www.google.com/>.

  • Kimani Hall says:

    Photocubism relies on the culmination of several images of the same place taken from different viewpoints. Once placed together the alignment is skewed but achieves a hypnotic end result where objects can grow bigger as they go further away or having a man from the background interact closely with the foreground. The Joiners version relies on several detailed pictures taken overtime of the same area, omitting some features and focusing on others. Following what he would usually do for painting and instead using photos, Hockney then creates what we now call a Joiner.
    David Hockeny xtra video:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGtraVb_0vY

    Source:
    http://webhost.bridgew.edu/jhausrath/ci/D%20H/images/04.%20The%20Scrabble%20Game.jpg
    http://superette.blogspot.com/2006/03/hockney-collages.html
    http://lensbaby.com/blog/spotlight/spotlight-photographic-cubism-by-stephen-mcnally/

  • Holly says:

    Photo-cubism is the art of taking 2D pictures as a medium and creating a 3 dimensional art piece. While looking at Hockeny’s art work I noticed that his photo-cubism is created by taking many pictures of the same image but at different angles and distances and then compiling these images to recreate the full view with a new dimension. Hockeny destroys the frozen moments that is the essence of photography and gives the images life and movement by taking many photographs and showing the change of the image over time. This is what is now known as Joiner portraits, which are essentially a collage of photographs of the same image with different perspectives. These Joiner portraits show different versions of the same object which gives the portrait the illusion of time and movement.

    Sources:
    http://www.photocubism.com/photocubism.php
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGtraVb_0vY#t=195

  • Andrew says:

    Photocubism juxtaposes different photographs, normally of the same subject, to convey more about the subject than a single photo would allow. Each photograph portrays the subject from a different time or point of view, giving the overall composition a feeling of motion as opposed to a single moment frozen in time. This is largely Mr. Hockney’s goal in his “joiners” – creating a sort of hyper-realism where you see the subject from multiple points of view at multiple points in time so that each individual photo making up the whole image adds a little more depth to the overall narrative of who or what the subject is.

    David Hockney’s official website.

  • Aiah says:

    Photo Cubism and Joiners Research:

    Cubism is a visual arts style created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque that takes fragments of shapes and textures to create a full composition. The style was and is still used to capture different views at once through fractures, multiple angles, and simplified color schemes. The term “Cubism” originated from painter Henri Matisse and the critic Louis Vauxcelles, who described one of Braque’s pieces as one “composed of cubes”.

    David Hockney’s joiners style was actually accidentally discovered while the artist was working on a painting of a living room and terrace in Los Angeles. Hockney decided to photograph polaroid shots of the area and glued them together to get a better idea of his painting. He then noticed that these multiple polaroids were actually a composition that told a story as if someone were moving through the room. There, joiners was born. Joiners is a photo collage style containing pictures of the same person, figure or place taken in different angles and/or times. This style, which incorporates cubism is popularly used today.

  • Lauren says:

    Photocubism gives a whole new meaning to exploring the different perspectives of a subject. By stitching together multiple photos of an object from different angles, we are able to see that object in a whole new, more in depth and detailed way. It gives what might have been a single-view, inanimate, object motion and a narrative- “joined together, the individual photographs show life seen from multiple perspectives — a new contemplative vision, revealing unexpected layers of meaning”.

    “Because these photographs are taken from different perspectives and at slightly different times, the result is work that has an affinity with Cubism, which was one of Hockney’s major aims – discussing the way human vision works.”

    http://www.taonasonakul.com/TS_02bio_02.html
    http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html

  • Katelyn A says:

    Photocubism, David Hockney, and Joiner Research:

    David Hockney was really interested in how cubist painters could put together multiple viewpoints of a single subject; he was greatly influenced by Pablo Picasso and applied this technique to his photography, and created “Joiners.”

    After talking with someone named Alain Sayag, Hockney realized that photographs didn’t have life in them like painting and drawing could demonstrate. Photographs were just these frozen images bound by their static nature. He says, “I had become very, very aware of this frozen moment that was very unreal to me. The photographs didn’t really have life in the way a drawing or painting did, and I realized it couldn’t because of what it is.” And to me this really makes sense because photographs literally capture what’s in front of you, a cubist painting however can capture a lot of movement of a subject which gives the viewer more perspective of time and space.

    Hockney then began taking several polaroids he had and experimenting with them. He placed them on a board and started arranging them based on their lines and forms, much like how he would paint or draw. These compiled photos gave the audience a more intense sense of time, space, and perspective compared to a regular photograph. These pieces created with all these multiple photographs of a subject or a space he then called “Joiners.”

    http://www.incredibleart.org/lessons/high/mike-hockney.htm
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography

  • Anna says:

    Photocubism is a collection of intentionally placed photos representing something, some place or someone from many perspectives, creating a deeper composition full of intrigue. This idea or rather technique was influenced by the art of cubism which was done as paintings, a huge leader in the cubist movement was Picasso. Not only did Picasso bring attention to cubism, but his cubist paintings were the inspiration for Hockney’s “joiners.” Hockney actually created this idea of joiners by accident, and what they are are basically taking many photographs from different perspectives and making them one photo. He was trying to paint his living room and to understand it he placed the images previously taken and placed them all together, overlapping with each other and forming one image with so many perspectives. After discovering this unique composition and compiling of photographs he went on to experiment with the mixing of times of day and weather and movement in different places. Hockney took this discovery of his joiners and explored it in an artistic way instead of a useful way. But he played with more than just the photos themselves, he experimented with the workings and layout of them, looking at his work you see many strange outlines of the one mass photo once all combined. This accident, this experiment with perspective and composition is the very thing that revolutionized his career and future.

    Sources:
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    Hockney at the Tate Benson, Alan Source/Year: 2004
    http://www.hockneypictures.com/photos/photos_collages_05.php

  • Samantha says:

    Photocubism, a multiple photographic portrait of a place or individual, which gives the viewer a better sense of space and time than any ordinary snapshot, which has roots in photography, as well as traditional drawing and painting.

    Images taken as photographs but “enhanced” through the elements often given in consideration to painting and drawing, like line and form, are also given the added element of time and perspective which traditional styles of photography lack.

    Considered the founding father of Photocubism, Hockney is quoted as saying “I had become very, very aware of this frozen moment that was very unreal to me. The photographs didn’t really have life in the way a drawing or painting did, and I realized it couldn’t because of what it is. Compared to a Rembrandt looking at himself for hours and hours of scrutinizing his face, and putting all these hours into the picture you’re going to look at, naturally there’s many more hours there than you can give it.”

    Hockney’s joiner projects, originally starting as Polaroids and were made in the 1970s through the 1980s as he began moving and playing with these traditional elements. The “Joiners” are laid out in various grid styles, and the photographs play with movement and time, different perspectives and position of a subject or subjects.

    Sources:
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    http://catalog.lib.ncsu.edu/record/NCSU3326721

  • Jordan Wright says:

    Photocubism is the product of combining photography with the Cubist’s effort to capture a composition while entertaining multiple points of view in a single picture plane. David Hockney’s work is my first close encounter with this method, and I am immediately struck by the consideration for a moving or fluid focus of the viewer’s eye throughout these works. Hockney explained in an article that he found the weakness of photography to be that the camera will only capture a single instant. Photocubism is his way of attempting to mitigate this shortcoming. By arranging a composition from so many photographs, Hockney includes a consideration for the space over time, changing light and shadow, shifting forms. I appreciate the movement and transience that is captured in an image that remains still.

    Picasso’s work served as a foundation for Hockney’s development of his photo cubism method. It is Picasso’s break from realist conventions that have driven Hockney’s exploration forward. The cubist approach includes a unique consideration for time and space while Picasso’s work also supplements many examples of how to negotiate forms into the space of the composition.

    Sources: “David Hockney’s Cubist Photography.” DangerousMinds. 7 Jan. 2014. Web. 6 Feb. 2015. < http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography>.
    “David Hockney.” National Galleries of Scotland. Web. 6 Feb. 2015. <
    https://www.nationalgalleries.org/whatson/exhibitions/picasso-modern-british-art/david-hockney>.

  • Savannah says:

    Photocubism is very simply taking cubist ideas techniques and adapting them to the medium of photography. It is an attempt to show multiple viewpoints of a single subject.

    David Hockney is using his joiners to try and create a new perspective, what he describes as a more interesting perspective. And, I feel, you could argue a more true perspective, and definitely a more inclusive perspective. He is highlighting smaller details and also, by disregarding “true perspective” he is able to show us everything there is to be seen. He did a similar thing with many of his paintings, as well, where it wasn’t really about what is actually there but rather what you remember being there or what is perceived. He also discussed that, like Picasso, they must continue to represent the physical world, inspite of some critics who claim photography replaces that need. I think what Hockney, and his work, is ultimately getting at is the idea that a painter must continue to explore the physical world in order to provide viewers with alternate perspectives and abstract representations of things that actually help the viewer understand the essence of the world around them, something that a single photograph—even the best—can’t really achieve.

    Example 1: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/andrew/scs/cs/15-463/f07/proj_final/www/echuangs/presentation/highwayhockney.jpg

    Example 2: http://www.lalouver.com/resource/hockney_bio/large/80s/A-Visit-w-Chris-Don.jpg

    I included an example of one of David Hockney’s joiner and of one of his paintings. I think they both do a lot to exhibit the freedoms Hockney takes with perspectives, and what can be shown while taking such freedoms. And both images are just very visually interesting.

  • Amber says:

    Photocubism has its roots in Cubism, which is one of the most influential visual art styles of the twentieth century. Picasso and another painter Georges Braque are credited with being its creators. The technique involved rejecting that art should copy nature, and emphasizes geometric perspectives and forms and produces fractured objects, often using contrasting vantage points. Over time the art became more and more abstract, sometimes even to the point that the subject was no longer discernable. Photocubism was born of the idea of presenting multiple perspectives and abstract influences in the same work of art.

    David Hockney is an English painter, stage designer, photographer and more. He was a contributor to the Pop art movement of the 1980’s and can be considered one of the most influential British artists of the twentieth century. His photo collages, which he calls joiners originally started as Polaroid pictures, and later in film. His work shares an affinity with cubism because the pictures are taken from different perspectives at slightly different times. I noticed in the video and through my research that David Hockney’s main affinity is with perspective. He enjoys the idea of sharing his exact perspective, almost in a way of portraying what he was seeing at that moment. And photo joiners are showing how the human perspective might move around a room or examine a subject in a portrait, one small perspective at a time that we assemble into our perception of the scenario. My favorite painting we reviewed of Mr Hockney’s was Mulholland Drive, and it was amazing how much his painting really seemed to represent from what I remember of that drive, the colors and the winding roads, and the stark beauty, while all presented very abstractly.

    Resources:

    Hockney Research:

    http://www.shootingfilm.net/2013/01/joiners-polaroid-collages-by-david.html

    Cubism Research (from the Metropolitan Museum of Art – can’t wait to go this December!):
    http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cube/hd_cube.htm

  • Joel McKeithan says:

    Photocubism is the photographic manipulation on the painting style of cubism made popular by Pablo Picasso. Photocubism seeks to capture the same reality of a moment that a painting or drawing would but through the medium of photography. This reality consists of time and multiple perspectives, which are more than an instant camera shot can provide to the viewer. This style takes multiple pictures of an image and arranges them to create a creative collage that is displayed with a focus on “line and form,” capturing a more detailed perspective.

    This formation of an image is made known by David Hockney as a “Joiner.” A joiner’s purpose is to produce a work that expresses an image in its full reality, taking into account time and perspective. These joiners are Hockney’s attempt to express an image in the same manner that a painting does but through photography.

    Sources:
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    http://thedelightsofseeing.blogspot.com/2011/03/cubism-joiners-and-multiple-viewpoint.html

  • Thomas Pearce says:

    Photocubism is a series of multiple photographs or a person or a place, that gives the viewer a better depiction of space and time than the actual snapshot. Hockney is well known for his Joiners and how he captures the picture through photographs versus a painting.

    Hockney first created his “Joiner” through capturing multiple photographs of his studio and home, ignoring some areas, and emphasizing others, to create a bigger image. He used line and form to create this bigger image, and it created a gateway into the new era of photography/art for the twentieth century.

    He paid close attention to small details in the images as well and would emphasize them by doing pictures of just those details, so in the bigger image, it would stand out and be seen. His works were very “Picasso” -esque, which probably gave him a positive attitude about his work since Picasso was highly appreciated for his unique art.

    Sources:
    http://dangerousminds.net/comments/david_hockneys_cubist_photography
    http://courses.ncsu.edu/adn219/common/media/Hockney/Hockney.mp4

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